15 May 2018

Commemorating the Araw ng Kagitingan

Commemorating the Araw ng Kagitingan

April 9 marks the commemoration of Araw ng Ka-gitingan which is considered an official non-working holiday in the Philippines. As part of the celebration, many streets are closed and public transport routes may be redirected to give way for parades. But have you ever wondered what lies behind this historical event? Let’s find out, with our new CBRC News Live Correspondent, Elaine Plana.

The Day of Valor
Araw ng Kagitingan is also known as the Day of Valor, this is a commemoration of the heroism of Filipino and American Soldiers who fought against Japanese invasion during World War II.
Bataan Death March
This holiday commemorates the Bataan Death March, wherein Filipino and American prisoners of war (POW) were forced to literally march to their death as they walked 65 miles from Mariveles, on the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, to San Fernando, Pampanga. This resulted to the deaths of thousands of soldiers due to starvation, dehydration and diseases before they could reach the camp.
Fall of Corregidor and Tragedy of Bataan
General Wainwright was in charged on the command on the island of Corregidor and placed Major General Edward P. King to lead the troops on Bataan but without Wainwright’s approval, King was forced to surrender 60,000 Filipino troops and around 11,000 to 15,000 US troops, the largest surrender of US troops in the 1860 American Civil War.
“Bataan Day” to “Araw ng Kagitingan”
Republic Act 3022 passed by the Congress in 1961 made April 9 an official non-working holiday and was formerly called “Bataan Day.” Eventually in 1987, by the power of Executive Order no. 203, from “Bataan Day” this holiday was then called “Araw ng Kagitingan”. Part of this act indicates the observance of a moment of silence among citizens at 4:30 in the afternoon on this day.
Honor to the WWII veterans
Part of the event is the parade of the veterans in many cities across the country. The most highlighted event takes place at the Dambana ng Kagitingan in Mt. Samat in Bataan, where veterans are paid tribute for their heroism and sacrifice during World War II.

Araw ng kagitingan connotes the heroic deeds and patriotism of the Filipinos who whole-heartedly spared their lives for freedom and nationalism.

May we continue to emulate this trait of patriotism that these heroes showed us. Salute to these heroes!